Dalmatian or Dalmatian: Dalmatian dog breed
Alternative Names: Dalmatian, Dalmatiner, Dalmatinac, Dally, Firehouse Dog, Plum Pudding Dog, Spotted Car Dog.
Longevity: 10 to 12 years
Use: Companion dogs, family, easy to train for different purposes.
The Dalmatian race was named so in the eighteenth century by Dalmatia, a province of Croatia, although there are many versions regarding its origin, but all are only theories.
Similar dogs are known from archaeological research and from historical sources in Egypt, Greece or ancient Rome, but it is not known exactly whether they relate to the modern Dalmatian. According to some scholars about dalmatian dog, the name could come from a 14th-century painting in Florence by Andrea Bonaiuti, in which a group of dogs similar to the modern Dalmatians is shown close to a group of friars who exhibit a skin called “Dalmatic.” These dogs were frequently found in the company of gypsies, and are believed to have been popular in the Vatican in the sixteenth century.
From its beginnings the dalmatian dog was recognized like dog of generalized work, since it was used in tasks like hunters of rodents, gathering sheep, retriever, dog hunter of birds, in occupations related to the wars and mainly it was the mascot of the firemen And stables, but was never specialized in a particular area.
It was believed that the Dalmatian was a status symbol for the nobility, since it accompanied the carriages serving as a guard dog. The reputation of the Dalmatian as companion dog of the carriages was developed in the Victorian England where it was used like accessory of fashion that was used next to the carriages drawn by horses. The dalmatian dog were useful for clearing the road in front of the carriage, possibly to help control the horses looking for a complete run (for example for horse-drawn fire engines), and undoubtedly because they were attractive and well-regarded.
Dalmatian specimens are often active and may exhibit marked destructive behavior within the home, therefore they are not recommended for those living in the department.
The dalmatian dog are better adapted to living in large spaces and require a routine exercise, especially in regard to their obedience, since despite being dogs that like to have under control everything that happens around them and exercise Mastery over their environment, often show a good response to obedience training.
A Dalmatian can be an excellent companion for young and active people, who like a vigorous dog that can accompany them in their daily sports routine and who cares for the house when they go to work. The latter is possible because these dogs, especially the males, can be good defenders of their territory.
The dalmatian dog is extremely sociable, loves human company and is the center of attention. Enjoy playing, although it is rather abrupt and not very patient with young children requires intensive and extensive socialization at an early age and throughout his life.
White hair with black spots is the characteristic that makes the Dalmatian a race very appreciated and easily recognized by all people. A curious fact of the Dalmatian is that they are born without the spots, the newborn puppies are white and around the third week the spots begin to appear.
Among the congenital and inherited diseases of the dalmatian dog is deafness. Even in layers where neither parent is deaf, puppies can be born that are. At five weeks of age it is already known whether he can hear perfectly or not.